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Allium orientale Boiss., is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing 3 – 4 leaves up to 40cm., Life Form: G, Flowering in: Mar–Apr., Vern: Kurrat, Phytochoria: MED, The native range of this species is Central Türkiye to Syria, Cyprus, Libya to Sinai., Notes: Wild in Libya.

For more information: https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:528544-1, http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000756890, https://temperate.theferns.info/plant/Allium+orientale, https://identify.plantnet.org/the-plant-list/species/Allium%20orientale%20Boiss./data, https://www.gbif.org/species/2856517,  https://plants.jstor.org/stable/10.5555/al.ap.specimen.mpu017653, https://eol.org/pages/1084780,  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allium_orientale

 

Distribution in Libya
Benghazi Plain Jabal Nafusa
Benghazi 1880,1883,1884 Road between Benghazi and Al-Kuwayfiyah 1968 Benghazi 1972 Wadi El Ghattara 2010 Tarhuna 1974 Gharyan (Sedrores Mountains) 2020
Al-Jabal Al-Akhder Marmarica Plateau
Derna 1972 Wadi Mahbool 1973 Wadi Al-Agar 1999 Wadi Zaza 2003 Wadi (Valley) Stowah region 2007 Wadi El-Kauf 2014 Wadi Derna 2017 Wadi Om-El-Amaym 2019 From Zawiet Tamula to Al-Manarh, From Lustata to Beshtaya 2019 Tobruk 1883 Reported in Marmarica north-eastern part of Libya by Pampanini 1930 Tobruk 1972

 

Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1977) Flora of Libya, Alliaceae Vol. (33) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest:

pdf files

Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055. https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/,  https://www.biotaxa.org/Phytotaxa/article/view/phytotaxa.509.1.1 An updated Marmarica Plateau flora 2021
El-Ahmir, S.M., Mahklouf, M.H., Shanta, M.B., Abo -Jaafer, H.A. (2020)   Floristic Study of Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan District – Libya.  J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology.   Volume 8 / Issue 1.   ISSN: 2348 – 7313.  https://scienceq.org/floristic-study-of-sedrores-mountains-in-gharyan-district-libya.php Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan 2020
Ali, A. M., Lashhab, S. R., Abu-Aweena, A. A.M. (2019) Classification of vegetation cover and its geographical distribution in the area extending between Al-Haniya and Wadi Zagzoog in the north to Lasastata and Pashtota in the south. Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar eastern Libya. Issue (61) Journal of Science and Human Studies- Al-Marj-University of Benghazi-Libya (In Arabic) https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=mwq2dXQAAAAJ&hl=ar, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/sd-lshhb
El-farse, M.H. (2019) Study of the vegetation of Wadi Om-El-Amaym in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar region. Master Thesis- department of environmental science and engineering, Academy of post graduate studies, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)
Ab-AzizaF.B., ElBarasi, Y.M. and Rahil, R.O. (2017) Flora, Vegetation and Human Activities of Wadi Derna-El-JabalResearch article I Botany l Version 1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Yacoub-El-Barasi  VegetationWadi Derna 2017
El-Mokasabi, F M. (2014) Floristic Composition and Traditional Uses of Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf, Al-Jabal Al-Akhder, Libya. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 14 (8): 685-697, 2014, ISSN 1818-769, IDOSIPublications,2014DOI:10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2014.14.08.12375.  https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/441b/23b83960f007044aca94e26f5c6b170fe102.pdf Plant Species at Wadi Alkuf 2014
El-Rabiai, G.T., Al tira, F.M., Lamlom, S.H. (2010) Preliminary Checklist for the Flora of Wadi El Ghattara in Libya. Garyounis University Press Journal of Science and Its Applications Vol. 4, No. 1, pp 39-47, December 2010. http://sc.uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/5c3e5-39-47.pdf Flora of Wadi El Ghattara 2010
Nawras, A. M. B. (2007) A study of the vegetation cover in the Wadi (Valley) Stowah region. Master Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University-Libya. (In Arabic).
El-Barasi, Y. M., EI-Sherif, l. M. & Gawhari, A. M. H.(2003) Checklist and analysis of the flora and vegetation of Wadi Zaza at AI-Jabal AI Akhdar (Cyrenaica, Libya). Bocconea 16 (2): 1091-1105. 2003. – ISSN 1120-4060.  http://www.herbmedit.org/bocconea/16-1091.pdf flora and vegetation of Wadi Zaza 2003_compressed
Al-Hamadi R.I.(1999) Floristic and ecological study of wadi Al-Agar, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)