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Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton , it is a shrub or tree 1-4 m tall, many-branched from base; young parts and inflorescences densely covered with white woolly hairs; bark rough, grayish, the leaves sessile, 12-20 x 9.5-13.5 cm., Life Form: N.Ph, Flowering in: Almost the year, Vern: Brumbak, Phytochoria: PAL, The native range of this species is Macaronesia, N. & Tropical Africa to Indo-China.,  Notes: Wild in Libya, medicinal plant

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Distribution in Libya
Al-Jafarah Plain Zliten-Misurata Plain Sirte Plains
(20 km) S. of Tripoli 1958 Tripoli, (8 km) from Airport 1975  Jafara Plain (Wadi Ghado) 2015 El-Zawia 2015 Al-Hdaba Treatment Plant Tripoli 2016 Coastal of Tripoli 2020 Leptus Megna 2004 Kaam area 2005 Wadi Kaam (Estuary) 2022 Zliten coast 2022 Sirte 2015, 2016
Jabal Nafusa Marmarica Plateau Fezzan area
Khoms a Lebda 1913 Jabal Nafusa (Wadi El-Watiah) 2016 Tarhuna (Terghlat) 2018 Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020 Wadi Kaam (Main course, Headwaters) 2022 Marmarica (north-eastern part of Libya) 2004 Wadi Al-Agail, village of Oubari 1933,1959 Morzuk 1968
Al-Kufra area Ghat area  Gebel Uweinat
Al-Kufra, El-Giof 1963 Al-Kufra 1968 Ghat 1933,1955 Wadi Iseien 1934 Ghat, Barkat, (7km) beyond Ghat, near Algerian border 1976 Ghat (Between Acacus and Tassili Mountains) 2004 Wadi Tanezzuft 2012 Gebel Uweinat 1968


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Ali, S.I. & Jafri, S. M. H. (1977) Flora of Libya, Asclepiadaceae Vol. (9) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Almushghub, F., Ahmed, D., Sharaf El-Din, A., Shaltout, k. (2022) Vegetation analysis of Wadi Kaam at northwest Libya. Journal of Basic and Environmental Sciences, 9 (2022) 20-37. Wadi Kaam 2022
El-karnawdy, F.O.M., Abogmiza, A.F.M., Alsouyid, H.M.M., Ajaj. K.A.K. (2022) Floristic composition of Zygophyllum coccineum L. Associates in Zliten coast, Libya. 5th International African conference on current studies. February 2-5, 2022 Cairo, Egypt. Zliten coast 2022
Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055., An updated Marmarica Plateau flora 2021
Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Biodiversity of the coastal flora of Tripoli Province. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 58: 13-19, 2020. BRC,,,9131 Coastal flora of Tripoli 2020
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313  Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
Beit Al-Mal, A. G. & El-Hadar, I. A. (2018) An analytical study of vegetation (Case Study: Targhalat, Tarhouna Municipality, Libya.Special issue of the second annual conference on theories and applications Basic and Biological Sciences. 1 September 2018. الغطاء النباتي بترغلات ترهونه 2018
Elsayed, N. (2016) Relationship between Vegetation and Soil Seed Bank at Protected Versus Unprotected Sites at Coastal Habitats in Libya.CATRINA (2016), 15 (1): 59-68. , Surt region in Libya 2016
Hegazy, A.; Kabiel, H.; AlRowaily, S.; Lovett-Doust, L. and AlBorki, A. (2016) Plant communities and reproductive phenology in mountainous regions of northern Libya. Journal of Forestry Research. July 2017, Volume 28, Issue4, pp 741-761|.  
Mahklouf, M. H. &Al Sghair, F. G. (2016) Biodiversity and Floristic Study of Al-Hdaba Treatment Plant Tripoli-Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches, Original Article, pag. (101-103).Jul 2016, Volume 4, Issue 3, DOI: 10.21859/ajlsr-040307.  Biodiversity and_Floristic_Study_of_Al-Hdaba 2016
Al-Fiqi, A. M. & Abul-Qasim, R. (2015) Inventory of the vegetation cover surrounding Al-Zawiya University. The Libyan Journal of Science Volume 18, 2014/2015 .(In Arabic) الغطاء النباتى المحيط بجامعة الزاوية2015
Abu Hadra, M. N. & Harkat, Z. M. (2015) A taxonomic study of the components of vegetation cover and notes on the environmental impact of Wadi Ghado in the Jafara Plain region in Libya. Professor magazine-Issue 8-University of Tripoli.(In Arabic) وادي غدو سهل الجفارة 2015_compressed
Elsayed M. A. N. (2015) Floristic Composition of the Plant Cover at Surt Region in Libya. Catrina (2015), 12 (1): 63-71-2010 By the Egyptian society for environmental SCIENCES. Plant Cover at Surt Region2015
Mukassabi, T.A, Ahmidat, G., Sherif, I.M., ELMogasapi, A.(2012) Checklist and life forms of plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 5 / 3 (2012) plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya 2012
Al-Shf, N. S. (2005) a taxonomic study of the plants of the Kaam region. Master Thesis, College of Science, Al-Marqab University, Al-Khums, Libya. (In Arabic)  
Ahmidat, Gh. (2004) Study of the vegetation cover of the area between the Acacus Mountains and the Tassili Mountains (Ghat). Master Thesis. Department of Botany.College of Science. Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)  
El-Komati, A. F. (2004) Medicinal plants in the Shapiat of Marqab, their distribution, classification and importance. Master Thesis. Biology Department- Faculty of Science-Al-Marqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)  
Le Houerou H.N. (2004) Plant diversity in Marmarica (Libya and Egypt). A catalogue of the vascular plants reported with their biology, distribution, frequency, usage, economic potential, habitat, and main ecological features, with an extensive bibliography. Candollea. 59:259–308.