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Ephedra altissima Desf. / Accepted Infraspecifics: Ephedra altissima var. altissima, it is a dioecious, climbing, much branched shrubs, about 2 m long, branches in whorls, greenish, scabrous. Leaves opposite or whorled, linear, slightly connate at base. Inflorescence paniculate terminal on short verticillate branches. Male cones in umbellate panicles, with 2-6 oval-shaped, obtuse, connate bracts, microsporangia 2-3, exerted. Female cones in lax panicle, pedunculate, solitary or clustered, with 2-3 pairs of connate bracts.  Seeds Ovoid-oblong, terminating with coiled micropylar tube.  Life Form: Li,   Flowering in: Mar-Apr,   Vern:———-,   Phytochoria: SA, The native range of this species is Canary Islands (Tenerife), N. Africa to Sahara.    Notes: Wild in Libya, medicinal plant.

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Distribution in Libya
Jabal Nafusa Al-Jabal Al-Akhder
Wadi Malah 1975   Aboghilan 1977  Ain Zarga 1978  Tarhuna, Dawoon area 1983    Msallata (Shaafeen) 2008   Msallata National Park (Shaafeen) 2013  Tarhuna (Arbeen) 2018   Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020 Wadi El-Kauf 1985  Wadi Al-Agar 1999   Gebel Akhder 2009   Wadi El-Kouf 2014   Wadi Om-El-Amaym 2019   Wadi Al-Kouf 2021    Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2021


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Sherif, A.S.  & EL·Taife, A. (1986) Flora of Libya, Gymnosperms Vol.  (152)  Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Al-Traboulsi, M. & Alaib, M.A. (2021) A Survey of medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. NAT. CROAT, VOL. 30. No 2. (389-404), ZAGREB. December 31, 2021. / Medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf 2021
Mohamed, A.H., Mosallam, H.A., Sergwa, S.S., Gibreel, M.A. (2021) Impact of Edaphic Factors on Vegetation Composition in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. Egypt. J. Bot., Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 191-201 (2021) Impact of Edaphic Factors 2021_compressed
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313. Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
El-farse, M.H. (2019) Study of the vegetation of Wadi Om-El-Amaym in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar region. Master Thesis- department of environmental science and engineering, Academy of post graduate studies, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)  
MahkloufM.H. SherifA.S, BetelmalA. G. (2018) Floristic Study for Tarhuna-Libya. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 2018, 46 (3), 337-364., Floristic Study for Tarhuna 2018
El-Mokasabi, F M. (2014) Floristic Composition and Traditional Uses of Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf, Al-Jabal Al-Akhder, Libya. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 14 (8): 685-697, 2014, ISSN 1818-769,IDOSIPublications,2014DOI:10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2014.14.08.12375., Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf 2014
Al-Masalati, N. A. A. (2013) Plant diversity across the altitudes of the Msallata National Park Reserve Mountains. Master Thesis. Botany Department-College of Science-University of Benghazi-Libya. (In Arabic)  
El-Darier, S.M. & El-Mogaspi, F.M. (2009) Ethno botany and Relative Importance of Some Endemic Plant Species at El-Jabal El-Akhdar Region (Libya). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5 (3): 353-360, 2009 ISSN 1817-3047, IDOSI Publications, 2009. Endemic Plant Species at El-Jabal El-Akhdar 2009
Mohammed, S.A.H. (2008) A taxonomic and ecological study of the plants of the Shaafin Reserve in Masalatah. Master Thesis. Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)  
Al-Hamadi R.I.(1999) Floristic and ecological study of Wadi Al-Agar, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)