Skip to content
Nerium oleander L., it is a shrub or small tree to 5 m tall, producing abundant, poisonous, clear, sticky latex, the leaves opposite or in whorls, very narrowly elliptic, 5-21 X 1-3.5 cm., Life Form: N.Ph, Flowering in: Throughout the year., Vern: Defla, Phytochoria: S.Cosm, The native range of this species is Medit. to Myanmar. , Notes: Wild in Libya, medicinal plant

For more information:,,,,,,,


Distribution in Libya
Al-Jabal Al-Akhader Marmarica Plateau Ghat area 
Wadi El-Teir 1967 Shahat, Rasel hilal 1978 Wadi Derna, Shallal Derna, wadi El-Glaa 1980 Wadi (Valley) Stowah region 2007 Wadi El-Shees 2014 Wadi El-Kouf 2014 Wadi Ras Al-Hilal 2017 Wadi Derna 2017 Ain Mara 2020 Wadi Al-Kouf 2021 Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2021 Reported in Marmarica north-eastern part of Libya by Pampanini 1930 From Tobruk to Egyptian Border 1999 Dafna region (Tobruk to Msaid) 2008 Ghat (Esin region) 2004 Wadi Tanezzuft 2012


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1983) Flora of Libya, Apocynaceae Vol. (98) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Al-Traboulsi, M. & Alaib, M.A. (2021) A Survey of medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. NAT. CROAT, VOL. 30. No 2. (389-404), ZAGREB. December 31, 2021. / Medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf 2021
Mohamed, A.H., Mosallam, H.A., Sergwa, S.S., Gibreel, M.A. (2021) Impact of Edaphic Factors on Vegetation Composition in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. Egypt. J. Bot., Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 191-201 (2021) Impact of Edaphic Factors 2021_compressed
Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055., An updated Marmarica Plateau flora 2021
Al-Maqsabi, F. M. & Makhlouf, M. A. (2020) Vegetation cover in the Ain Mara region, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar region – Libya. The Libyan Journal of Science (An International Journal): Volume 23, 2020. Vegetation Cover of Ain Mara 2020
Ab-AzizaF.B., ElBarasi, Y.M. and Rahil, R.O. (2017) Flora, Vegetation and Human Activities of Wadi Derna-El-JabalResearch article I Botany l Version 1., Vegetation Wadi Derna 2017
Mukassabi, T.A., Thomas,P.A., ELMogasapi, A.(2017) Medicinal plants in Cyrenaica, Libya: existence and extinction. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 10/2 (2017) 183-192.   Medicinal plants in Cyrenaica 2017
El-Mokasabi, F M. (2014) Floristic Composition and Traditional Uses of Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf, Al-Jabal Al-Akhder, Libya. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 14 (8): 685-697, 2014, ISSN 1818-769,IDOSIPublications,2014 DOI:10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2014.14.08.12375. Plant Species at Wadi Alkuf 2014
Shaltout ,K, Fawzy,M., Galal T., Awad M., El-Barasi Y., Saeed, B. (2014) Impact of waste water discharge on the plant communities and size structure of Wadi El-Shees, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. FeddesRepertorium2014, 125, 1-13 DOI: 10.1002/fedr.201400023. Wadi El-Shees 2014
Mukassabi, T.A, Ahmidat, G., Sherif, I.M., ELMogasapi, A.(2012) Checklist and life forms of plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 5 / 3 (2012) plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya 2012
Barrani, M. W. (2008) A study of environmental degradation factors in the semi-desert Dafna region-Libya. Master Thesis-Department of Science and environmental engineering-Postgraduate Academy Benghazi branch. (In Arabic)  
Nawras, A. M. B. (2007) A study of the vegetation cover in the Wadi (Valley) Stowah region. Master Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University-Libya. (In Arabic).  
Ahmidat, Gh. (2004) Study of the vegetation cover of the area between the Acacus Mountains and the Tassili Mountains (Ghat). Master Thesis. Department of Botany.College of Science. Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)  
EL-Habony, A.M. (1999) Vegetation and flora of a sector along Mediterranean cost of Libya from Tobruk to Egyptian border, M.Sc. Thesis, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)