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Ononis sicula Guss./Homotypic Synonyms: Ononis viscosa  ssp. sicula (Guss.) Hub., it is an annual herb  up to 10–25 cm, branched from the base. Hairy stems, with glandular hairs. Leaves trifoliolate, the upper ones unifloliolate, Leaflets 2–25 x 1–8 mm, mostly oblong-lanceolate to linear or narrowly elliptical, weakly toothed in the upper half. Inflorescences with 1(–2) flowers; peduncles short awned. Flowers short pediceled, patent, pendulous after anthesis. Calyx 6–10 mm, campanulate, hairy, with teeth c. 3 times longer than the tube. Corolla 5–10 mm, usually as long as the calyx or shorter, Flowers pale yellow. Sometimes purple-veined on the standard.. Pods 7.8–17 mm, c. 2 times longer than the calyx, oblong-cylindrical, glandular-hairy, with 8–25 seeds. Seeds 0.8–1.1 x 0.8–1.1 x 0.6–0.7 mm, reniform, somewhat asymmetrical.   Life Form: Th,   Flowering in:——————-,   Vern:——————-,   Phytochoria: MED+SA+IT, The native range of this species is Medit. to Iran and N. Somalia.     Notes: Wild in Libya.

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Distribution in Libya
Jabal Nafusa Al-Jabal Al-Akhder Marmarica Plateau
Gharian, Tarhuna, Msallata 1913  Msallata (Shaafeen) 2008  Msallata National Park (Shaafeen) 2013 T arhuna (Meghawsha) 2018  Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020 Martuba 1933 Reported in Marmarica north-eastern part of Libya by Pampanini 1930


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (1980) Flora of Libya, Fabaceae Vol.  (86) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses, Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055., An updated Marmarica Plateau flora 2021
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313. Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
MahkloufM.H. SherifA.S, BetelmalA. G. (2018) Floristic Study for Tarhuna-Libya. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 2018, 46 (3), 337-364., Floristic Study for Tarhuna 2018
Al-Masalati, N. A. A. (2013) Plant diversity across the altitudes of the Msallata National Park Reserve Mountains. Master Thesis. Botany Department-College of Science-University of Benghazi-Libya. (In Arabic)  
Mohammed, S.A.H. (2008) A taxonomic and ecological study of the plants of the Shaafin Reserve in Masalatah. Master Thesis. Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)