Skip to content
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link, it is an annual herb with a slender taproot, 0.1–1.25 m. tall, branched from the base and densely bushy with many short, branched stems to tall and simple or with rather few long, ascending branches. Life Form: Th, Flowering in: Apr-May, Vern: ——, Phytochoria: S-Cosm, The native range of this species is Europe to Central Asia and Pakistan, Macaronesia, N. Africa to Arabian Peninsula., Notes: Wild in Libya

For more information:,,,,,,,


Distribution in Libya
Al-Jabal Al-Akhader
Shahat 1978 Between Shahat to Susa 1970 (13km) from Ras El-Hilal to Derna 1979 Wadi Al-Agar 1999 Al-Mansora 2013 Wadi El-Kouf 2014 Al-Teneen area northwest of Al-Marj 2020


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1985) Flora of Libya, Apiaceae Vol. (117) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Saleh, M. M., & Lachhab, S. R. (2020) Plant diversity in Al-Teneen area northwest of Al-Marj city-Libya. Aref Journal for Human Studies- Issue (5) 2020, Pp. (3-65) Ajdabiya University-Libya. (In Arabic) التنوع النباتي في منطقة التنين 2020 صفحة 51_compressed
El-Mokasabi, F M. (2014) Floristic Composition and Traditional Uses of Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf, Al-Jabal Al-Akhder, Libya. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 14 (8): 685-697, 2014, ISSN 1818-769,IDOSIPublications,2014  DOI:10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2014.14.08.12375. Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf 2014
Abusaief, H. M. A. and Dakhil, A. H. (2013) The floristic composition of Rocky habitat of Al Mansora in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar- Libya. New York Science Journal 2013; 6 (5). Al Mansora in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2013
Al-Hamadi R.I.(1999) Floristic and ecological study of wadi Al-Agar, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)