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Pistacia lentiscus L.,it is a shrub or tree the  evergreen,1 to 5 m high, with a strong smell of resin, growing in dry and rocky areas., Life Form: Ph, Flowering in: Mar-Apr, Vern: Battoom, Phytochoria: MED, The native range of this species is Canary Islands, Medit., Notes: Wild in Libya, medicinal plant, Endangered Plant in Libya.

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Distribution in Libya
Benghazi Plain Jabal Nafusa
(55km) from Benghazi to Tokra 1972 (50,60km) E.Benghazi 1975 Safaet, (57km) from Gharian 1974 Msallata (Shaafeen) 2008 Msallata National Park (Shaafeen) 2013 Msallata (Shaafien) 2017 Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020
Al-Jabal Al-Akhader
Tokra 1967 Near Taknis, 1967 Al-Bakur 1968 Wadi El-Hussaien, Ras-El-Hilal to Shahat 1967 El- Bakur 1968 Wadi El-Kouf, (5km) W.of Baida 1970 Taknis 1972 Shahat to Susa 1973,1974,1977 (7km) from Shahat 1977 Al-Ghareeb,(10km) before Baida 1977 Wadi El Mahbool 1973 Beida, Beida to Marj 1970 El-Kauf area 1984 Wadi Al-Agar 1999 Gebel Akhder 2002 Wadi Zaza 2003 El-Hamamah to Biada 2003 El-Bakur 2007 Wadi (Valley) Stowah region 2007 Al-Dercya,Shahat, Wadi El-Akar,El Fadil Abou Omar,Wadi Algharega,Qandulah,Al-Marj-Al-Baida motorway,Wadi El-Kouf 2011 S.AL-Marj 2011 Al-Mansora 2013 Valley Jarjr-oma 2013 Wadi El-Shees 2014 Between Labrag and Shahat 2014 Ras El-Hilal, Wadi Morqus 2014 Wadi Belkaf-Bata 2016 Barce, Derisia (Talmeta), Marawa-El-Merj 2016 Wadi Zaza, Wadi Al Ager, Wadi Jarjar Amma, Wadi Ras Al-Hila 2017 Al Mansora and Jarjar oma 2017 Shahat,Sidi Ahmad Al-Hemery,Al-Marj-Al-Baida motorway,El-Beida (Belghra),Wadi El-Kouf 2017 Wadi Derna 2017 Assdod, Wadi Balarid, Wadi Butuma, Al-Tayes, Wadi Al-Aesh, Wadi Kaab 2018  Wadi Om-El-Amaym 2019 From Nuqrat Said to Wadi Al-Zagzoog,From Zawiet Tamula to Al-Manarh 2019 Al-Abiar (Sidi Amohamed forest) 2020 Al-Teneen area northwest of Al-Marj 2020 Ain Mara 2020 Wadi Al-Kouf 2021 Al-Mansura to Settia 2021


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1978) Flora of Libya, Anacardiaceae Vol. (52) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Al-Ajil, K.I., Masoud, M. J., Mustafa, H. M. (2021) The effect of urban sprawl on vegetation covers in Al-Mansura and Settia. Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar-Libya. The Libyan International Journal- Issue (52) -ISSN 2518-5845 – College of Science Al-Marj-University of Benghazi. (In Arabic) الغطاء النباتي في المنصورة وسطية الجبل الاخضر 2021
Abdalrhim, M.A.G. (2021) Size  Structure of  Cupressus  sempervirens L. and Pistacia lentiscus L. populations in wadi Al-Kuf , esat of Libya. Al- Mukhtar journal of Sciences 36 (1): 24-33, 2021. Cupressus sempervirens L. and Pistacia lentiscus L. Populations in Wadi Alkuf 2021
Al-Traboulsi, M. & Alaib, M.A. (2021) A Survey of medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. NAT. CROAT, VOL. 30. No 2. (389-404), ZAGREB. December 31, 2021. / Medicinal plants of Wadi Al-Kouf 2021
Al-Amrouni, M,M., Al-Zarbi, A., Al-Aeb, M. A. (2020) Study of vegetation cover in Sidi Amohamed forest north of the city of Al-Abyar in the Al-Jabal Al-Al-Akhdar. Libya. Journal of Quality Assurance for Scientific Research-The first issue-April-2020 (In Arabic)., غابة سيدي أمحمد شمال مدينة الابيار2020
Al-Maqsabi, F. M. & Makhlouf, M. A. (2020) Vegetation cover in the Ain Mara region, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar region – Libya. The Libyan Journal of Science (An International Journal): Volume 23, 2020. (In Arabic), Vegetation CoverofAin Mara 2020
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diverisy of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348 – 7313 Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
Saleh, M. M., & Lachhab, S. R. (2020) Plant diversity in Al-Teneen area northwest of Al-Marj city-Libya. Aref Journal for Human Studies- Issue (5) 2020, Pp. (3-65). Ajdabiya University-Libya. (In Arabic) نباتات منطقة التنين 2020_compressed
Ali, A. M., Lashhab, S. R., Abu-Aweena, A. A.M. (2019) Classification of vegetation cover and its geographical distribution in the area extending between Al-Haniya and Wadi Zagzoog in the north to Lasastata and Pashtota in the south. Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar eastern Libya. Issue (61) Journal of Science and Human Studies- Al-Marj- University of Benghazi-Libya (In Arabic)
El-farse, M.H. (2019) Study of the vegetation of Wadi Om-El-Amaym in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar region. Master Thesis- department of environmental science and engineering, Academy of post graduate studies, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)
Mubarak, A. M.A., Lashhab, S. R. H. (2018) Charcoal manufacturing and its impact on the deterioration of vegetation cover in the area between Merad Massoud and Asdos in Al Jabal Al Akhdar-eastern Libya. Journal of Science and Human Studies-Al-Marj-Issue 58 – 15 / November 2018. (In Arabic) التفحيم واثرة على الغطاء النباتي2018
Ab-AzizaF.B., ElBarasi, Y.M. and Rahil, R.O. (2017) Flora, Vegetation and Human Activities of Wadi Derna-El-JabalResearch article I Botany l Version 1. VegetationWadi Derna 2017
Bahri, N.M. (2017) Identify, Limit and Determine the Vegetation Types of Wadi Ka’am Areas, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies-Volume (3) -Issue (2) (In arabic) وادي كعام ومناطق اخري 2017
Dakeel, E. H., Alaib, M. A., & Asker, A. M. (2017). Comparative Study of Medicinal Plants in Al Mansora and Jarjar oma, Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Libya [Version 1; awaiting peer review]. Control, 1, 4., Medicinal Plants in Al Mansora and Jarjar oma 2017
Mosallam, H.A., Mohamed, A.H., Sergiwa S.S, Gibreel, M.A (2017). Size distribution of some endangered plant species, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. Egypt. J. Bot., Vol. 57, No, 1. Pp.181-197 (2017) Endangered Plant Species, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2017
Mukassabi, T.A., Thomas,P.A., ELMogasapi, A.(2017) Medicinal plants in Cyrenaica, Libya: existence and extinction. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 10/2 (2017) 183-192. Medicinal plants in Cyrenaica2017
Al-Aib, M.A., Elbakkosh, A.M., Ali, Y.B., Gadelmola, A.S., Elmhafdi, A.M. (2016) Preliminary Investigation of the Vegetation of Wadi Belkaf-Bata Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar-Libya. Libyan Journal of Basic Science (LJBS) Vol: 4, No: 1, PP: 20-27., 2016. Wadi Belkaf- Bata Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2016
Hegazy, A.; Kabiel, H.; AlRowaily, S.; Lovett-Doust,L. and AlBorki, A. (2016) Plant communities and reproductive phenology in mountainous regions of northern Libya. Journal of  Forestry Research. July 2017, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 741–761.
Ahmed, H. M. (2014) Assessment of natural vegetation in the area between Abraq and Shahat in the south and the coastline in the north. Journal of Science and Human Studies-Al-Marj. Issue 4-ISSN: 2312-4962 Benghazi University. (In Arabic)
Al-Haddad, S. M. (2014) Al-Jabal Al-Akhader Forests between Natural Renewal and Degradation Factors (An Evaluation Environmental Study of Vegetation Cover in Ras Al-Hilal Region), International Journal for Environment & Global Climate Change ISSN 2310-6743 (In Arabic)
Shaltout ,K, Fawzy,M., Galal T., Awad M., El-Barasi Y., Saeed, B. (2014) Impact of waste water discharge on the plant communities and size structure of Wadi El-Shees, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. FeddesRepertorium2014, 125, 1-13 DOI: 10.1002/fedr.201400023.
Abusaief, H. M. A. (2013) Life forms and rangeland for many habitats of Jarjar oma in Al-Jabal Al- Akhdar on Mediterranean Sea. Journal of American Science 2013;9(5) Jarjar oma in Al-Jabal Al- Akhdar 2013
Abusaief, H. M. A. and Dakhil, A. H. (2013) The floristic composition of Rocky habitat of Al Mansora in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar- Libya. New York Science Journal 2013; 6(5).  Al Mansora in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2013
Al-Masalati, N. A. A. (2013) Plant diversity across the altitudes of the Msallata National Park Reserve Mountains. Master Thesis. Botany Department-College of Science-University of Benghazi-Libya. (In Arabic)
EL-Barasi, Y. M., Barrani, M. W., Abdelsalam, O. EL-Amrouni, N., Mohamad, F. (2011) Check list of flora and vegetation on south EL-Marj zone: south EL-Jabal EL-Akhadar. Libya. Annals of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara-International Journal of Engineering. Tome IX (Year 2011). Fascicule 3. ISSN 1584-2673, 141-146. flora and vegetation on south EL-Marj zone 2011
Hegazyi, A.K., Boulos, L., Kabiel, H.F. and Sharashy, O.S. (2011) Vegetaion and species altitudinal distribution in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar landscape, Libya. Pak. J. Bot., 43(4): 1885-1898, 2011. Vegetaion in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar landscape 2011
Mohammed, S.A.H. (2008) A taxonomic and ecological study of the plants of the Shaafin Reserve in Masalatah. Master Thesis. Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)
Abd Al-lkhaleq, Y. M. (2007) Vegetation Coverage of El-Bakur Highlands in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Garyounis University, Libya. (In Arabic
Nawras, A. M. B. (2007) A study of the vegetation cover in the Wadi (Valley) Stowah region. Master Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University-Libya. (In Arabic).
Al-Sodany, Y. M., Shehata, M. N. & Shaltout, K. H. (2003): Vegetation along an elevation gradient in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. ecologia mediterranea, tome 29, fascicule 2, 2003, p. 125-138. Vegetation an elevation in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar 2003
El-Barasi, Y. M., EI-Sherif, l. M. & Gawhari, A. M. H.(2003) Checklist and analysis of the flora and vegetation of Wadi Zaza at AI-Jabal AI Akhdar (Cyrenaica, Libya). Bocconea 16 (2): 1091-1105. 2003. – ISSN 1120-4060. flora and vegetation of Wadi Zaza 2003_compressed
Eldoumi, F.; Elsaedi, O. and Zunni, S. (2002) Study of Al-Jabal Al-akhdar’s plant cover. Final report in Arabic. University of Omar Al mokhtar. El-Bieda; Libya.
Al-Hamadi R.I.(1999) Floristic and ecological study of wadi Al-Agar, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (In Arabic)
The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (1984) Project for the Study of Al-Kouf National Park. Vegetation Cover Studies.