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Rhamphospermum arvense (L.) Besser ,  Rhamphospermum arvense (L.) Andrz. ex Besser / Homotypic Synonyms:  Sinapis arvensis L., it is an annual herb, 20-60 cm tall, erect, branched, usually hispid with spreading simple hairs. Lower leaves usually lyrate-pinnate, stalked, 1-3-jugate, up to 20 cm long, ± hispid; terminal lobe large., Life Form: Th,   Flowering in: ——–   ,   Vern: Al-Khardal Al-Barry ,   Phytochoria: Cosm , the native range is Temp. Eurasia, N. Africa to Arabian Peninsula.  Notes: Wild in Libya.

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Distribution in Libya
Al-Jafarah Plain Sirte Plains Benghazi Plain
Tripoli 1976 Sirte  2015, 2016 Benghazi 2007   Soloq (Beir Bullerjam) 2022
Al-Jabal Al-Akhder
Gebel Akhder 1973


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Ali, S.I. & Jafri, S.M.H. (1977) Flora of Libya, Brassicaceae Vol. (23) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Omar, N., Adrees, A., Alhursh, A., Shuayb, M., Alajeeli, O., Alzerbi, A.K. (2022) Identification of the Most Important Weed Species in A Barley Crops in Beir Bullerjam Region-Soloq, Libya. Scientific Journal for the Faculty of Science-Sirte University Vol. 2, No. 1 April (2022) 15-22., Beir Bullerjam Region –Soloq, Libya 2022
Elsayed, N. (2016) Relationship between Vegetation and Soil Seed Bank at Protected Versus Unprotected Sites at Coastal Habitats in Libya.CATRINA (2016), 15 (1): 59-68. , Surt region in Libya 2016
Elsayed M. A. N. (2015) Floristic Composition of the Plant Cover at Surt Region in Libya. Catrina (2015), 12 (1): 63-71-2010 By the Egyptian society for environmental SCIENCES. Plant Cover at Surt Region 2015
Atet Allah, E.H., Alfitory, M.Y., Khaled, S.A., Mohammed, S.K, Hasan, A.A. (2007) Adaptation of some plant communities Halophytes and Xerophytes in East Libya. Al-Mukhtar for Science, Issue Sixteen, 2007 (In Arabic) 2007 النباتات الملحيه في شرق ليبيا