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Schouwia purpurea (Forssk.) Schweinf., it  is a bushy annual plant that can grow up to 90cm tall, with the stem becoming woody at the base., Life Form: Th,   Flowering in: Mar-Apr,   Vern: Jirjeer ,   Phytochoria: SS, The native range of this species is Sahara to Jordan and Arabian Peninsula, India. , Notes: Wild in Libya, a rare species in Libya.

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Distribution in Libya
Ghat area  Jabal Al-Uwinat
Ghat, Wadi Aghaghe, (70 km) from Ghat 1977   Ghat (Between Acacus and Tassili Mountains) 2004  Wadi Tanezzuft 2012 Jabal Al-Uweinat region 2008


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Ali, S.I. & Jafri, S.M.H. (1977) Flora of Libya, Brassicaceae Vol. (23) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Mukassabi, T.A, Ahmidat, G., Sherif, I.M., ELMogasapi, A.(2012) Checklist and life forms of plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 5 / 3 (2012)  , plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya 2012
Alzwai, A.M.H. (2008) A study of the vegetation covers of the Jabal Al-Uweinat region in Libya. Master Thesis – Botany Department – College of Science – Garyounis University – Libya. (In Arabic)  
Ahmidat, Gh. (2004) Study of the vegetation cover of the area between the Acacus Mountains and the Tassili Mountains (Ghat). Master Thesis. Department of Botany.College of Science. Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)