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Hippocrepis areolata Desv. / Heterotypic Synonyms: Hippocrepis bicontorta Loisel., it is an annual herb, procumbent to ascending, up to 40 cm long, appressed-pubcscent. Leaflets 5-13, narrowly oblong-obovate to linear, obtuse to truneate at apex, 5-12 x 1-3 mm, peduncles usually longer than the subtending leaves. 2-5-flowered, bracts rudimentary, scarious, triangular. 2-fid. Flowers 4-7 mm long, yellow, purplish-veined. Shortly pedicelled. Calyx almost glabrous. 5-toothed with teeth less than half as long as tube. Corolla twice as long as calyx. Pods up to c. 4 cm long, coiled into one or more rings, almost glabrous to papillose hairy, sinuses opening outside the ring, conspicuously horned with somewhat elongated, ± linear processes at the openings, exceeding the margin of pod, the base of the seed, protuberances reaching the inner margin of the pods. Seeds semicircular. c. 4 x 0.5 mm, smooth, yellowish, brown.  Life Form: Th,   Flowering in: Mar-May,   Vern:——————-,   Phytochoria: SA, The native range of this species is N. Africa to S. Iran.    Notes: Wild in Libya.

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Distribution in Libya
Al-Jafarah Plain Zliten-Misurata Plain Benghazi Plain
(12 km) W. Tripoli 1967  Tripoli 1967,1970   Mallaha Wetland Tripoli 2016   Sabratha region 2020   Coastal of Tripoli 2020  Researches Station of Agriculture Faculty, University of Tripoli 2021 Misurata 1975  Kaam area 2005   Misurata 2006 Reported from Benghazi, Ajdabia by Pampanini   Ajdabia (Al-Bedan) 2016   Between Slouk and Al-Abiar 2016
Jabal Nafusa Marmarica Plateau Al-Qibla area
Wadi Malah, (10 km) from Nalut, Ryana 1972 Shirshara, (5 km) after Asaba, (24 km) from Gharian, (15 km) from Gharian, Janduba, (15 km) after Kaleba to Mizda, (7 km) before Zintan 1974 (11 km) S. of Nalut 1975   Msallata National Park (Shaafeen) 2013   Tarhuna (Arabeen, Hejaz, Terghlat) 2018   Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020   Wadi Kaam (Dam & lake) 2022 Reported from Bardia by Durand & Barratte Wadis South of Mizda 2013


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (1980) Flora of Libya, Fabaceae Vol.  (86) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses, Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Almushghub, F., Ahmed, D., Sharaf El-Din, A., Shaltout, k. (2022) Vegetation analysis of Wadi Kaam at northwest Libya. Journal of Basic and Environmental Sciences, 9 (2022) 20-37.,, Wadi Kaam 2022
Al-Sghair, F.G. and Mahklouf, M.H. (2021) Vegetation Survey for Vascular Plants of Protected Area of the University of Tripoli-Libya. Species. Vol.22 (69), 2021.,,  Vegetation Survey of the University of Tripoli 2021
Al-khojah, H.M., Al-Yafour, L.A., Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Floristic Study of Selected Districts in Sabratha region Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7/Issue 4 ISSN: 2348-7313. , Sabratha region Libya 2020
Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Biodiversity of the coastal flora of Tripoli Province. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 58: 13-19, 2020. BRC,,,9131 coastal flora of Tripoli 2020
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313. Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
Beit Al-Mal, A. G. & El-Hadar, I. A. (2018) An analytical study of vegetation (Case Study: Targhalat, Tarhouna Municipality, Libya.Special issue of the second annual conference on theories and applications Basic and Biological Sciences. 1 September 2018. الغطاء النباتي بترغلات ترهونه 2018
MahkloufM.H. SherifA.S, BetelmalA. G. (2018) Floristic Study for Tarhuna-Libya. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 2018, 46 (3), 337-364., Floristic Study for Tarhuna 2018
El-Zerbi, A. K. , Al-Borki, A. S., Al-Aib, M.A.(2016) Study of vegetation in Protected Al-Bedan southeast of Ajdabiya, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies-No. (2) Volume (2) December 2016. ISSN: 2413-5267(In Arabic) الغطاء النباتي بمحمية البيضان 2016
Mahklouf, M.H. &Al-Sghair, F.G. (2016) Floristic and Inventory Study of Mallaha Wetland Tripoli – Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches, Oct 2016, Volume 4, Issue 4.PP(119-123), Mallaha Wetland 2016
Raheel, RO. M., El-Borasi, Y. M., El-Barrani, M. W., El-Hassi, S. (2016) Study of Flora and vegetation cover of the semi-desert area between Salouq and Al-Abyar-the first high of Jabal Al-Akhdar-Libya, Fourth Scientific Conference for Environment and Sustainable Development In dry and semi-arid areas. Ajdabia. Libya. (In Arabic), between Salouq and Al-Abyar 2016
Al-Masalati, N. A. A. (2013) Plant diversity across the altitudes of the Msallata National Park Reserve Mountains. Master Thesis. Botany Department-College of Science-University of Benghazi-Libya. (In Arabic)  
Mohamed, F.J. (2013) A Taxonomic Study of Wadis Flora South of Mizda at the intersections with Mizda-Sebha Highway. Master Thesis. Department of Botany-Faculty of Science-Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)  
Al-Dana, S. M. M. (2006) Taxonomic study of wild flower plants in some areas of Misrata. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Misurata University (7 October previously) Misurata, Libya. (In Arabic)  
Al-Shf, N. S. (2005) a taxonomic study of the plants of the Kaam region. Master Thesis, College of Science, Al-Marqab University, Al-Khums, Libya. (In Arabic)