Skip to content


      Libya is located in the center of North Africa, bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, east of Egypt and Sudan, west of Tunisia and Algeria, south of Chad and Niger between two longitudes (25 º – 9 º 58` E) and two latitudes (18º 45`-33 º 10` N). With an area of (1.759, 540) square kilometers. Libya it comes in the fourth rank Africa and the fifteenth globally in terms of area, and it a coast on the Mediterranean Sea up to 1900 kilometers, in the rate of (36%) of the coasts of the Mediterranean basin. From this presentation, it is clear that none of the Libyan borders follow natural borders, which can be considered as a barrier or obstacle separating Libya from its geographical surroundings. Rather, they are actually lines drawn on the map in accordance with international agreements at different historical stages. (Al-Hajjaji 1989) and (El- Tantawi, 2005) and does not have a natural effect on the Libyan biological map or separate from the nature of biodiversity in its geographical surroundings.


Al-Hajji, S. A. (1989): New Libya. Publications of Al-Fateh University Complex-Tripoli-Libya. (In Arabic)


El-Tantawi, A. M. M. (2005) Climate Change in Libya and Desertification of Jifara Plain (Using Geographical Information System and Remote Sensing Techniques). PhD thesis- Department of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Earth Sciences- Johannes Gutenberg University. Germany.



:الموقع الجغرافي لليبيا