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Geology of Libya

Geology of Libya      Most geological studies show that the Libyan lands are generally located within the Sahara except for the narrow coastal areas and northern mountain ranges (Jabal Nafusa, Al-Jabal Al- Akhdar), Therefore, Libya shares with the Sahara the history of its formation and geological composition, With some local exceptions, sedimentary layers belonging to different geological eras cover the surface of the earth and are based on a base of archaic rocks (pre-Cambrian) of different depths, in some… Read More »Geology of Libya

Endemic plants in Libya

Endemic plants in Libya Family Species Link confirm the scientific name, and recorded the Species in Libya. Amaranthaceae (Chenopodiaceae) Soda cyrenaica (Maire & Weiller) Akhani Syn.Salsola cyrenaica (Maire & Weiller) Brullo   Amaryllidaceae (Alliaceae) Allium ruhmerianum Asch. ex E.A.Durand & Barratte Apiaceae Daucus della-cellae (Asch. & Barbey ex E.A.Durand & Barratte) Spalik, Banasiak & Reduron, Syn. Athamanta della-cellae Asch. & Barneby ex E.A.Durand & Barratte  Apiaceae Daucus mirabilis (Maire & Pamp.) Reduron, Banasiak & Spalik,  Syn. Pachyctenium mirabile Maire &… Read More »Endemic plants in Libya


     Libya’s geographical position made it occupy a large area of the Sahara, which is considered the greatest natural phenomenon in North Africa, a sprawling plateau and almost flat surface mostly with an average altitude in total between (200-600) meters above sea level, the plateau descends to the north Until it ends at the Mediterranean coast, and gradually ends in some areas, such as in the area around the Gulf of Sirte, and suddenly in other regions so that… Read More »Topography


Soil Classification:       Soils and their characteristics in Libya are affected to great extent by the nature and conditions in which these soils were formed in different areas of the country. Generally, aridity is the main characterizes of such soils. Most of these soils are undeveloped or partly developed and may include one diagnostic horizon or a number of diagnostic horizons which characterize the arid areas. The main characteristics of Libyan soil are low organic matter, low nutrients and high… Read More »Soil

Scientific Editor

Dr. Khadija Ali Baayo \ Assistant Professor (Plant Ecology)\ Former faculty member, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Misurata University-Libya.\ Now: Retired. E-mail:     Praise be to Allah, (Alhamdulillah) who made it possible for me to complete this site after years of continuous work, research and auditing., I thank my husband Mr. Lutfi Jaafar for his cooperation and understanding of me throughout the work, I thank Dr. Osama Balto for providing me the place in the data entry stage, Thank you to my sister, and… Read More »Scientific Editor


Climate of Libya      Changing climatic phenomena have different effects on biological systems in general and vegetation in particular, and to know the effects of climate on the distribution and spread of ecosystems and natural vegetation cover in Libya, we will explain the most important climatic regions. The impact of geographic location, topography and coast direction is reflected in Libya’s climate, which is a mixture of marine and desert climate, and it is difficult to separate neighboring regions due… Read More »Climate


      Libya is located in the center of North Africa, bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, east of Egypt and Sudan, west of Tunisia and Algeria, south of Chad and Niger between two longitudes (25 º – 9 º 58` E) and two latitudes (18º 45`-33 º 10` N). With an area of (1.759, 540) square kilometers. Libya it comes in the fourth rank Africa and the fifteenth globally in terms of area, and it a… Read More »Location

About Us

    The Biodiversity website in Libya was designed to provide and document information about the Libyan flora and fauna from various sources to help researchers and relevant institutions in order to preserve the biodiversity in Libya.The site is divided into five sections as follows:The first section:Includes the Physiographic regions of Libya (location-geology- topography-soil-climate).Section Two:Known as the ecosystems in Libya and the prevailing vegetation cover patterns.Third Section:Includes Libyan flora information and lists of plants of interest, with a bibliography of… Read More »About Us