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Alhagi graecorum Boiss.

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Alhagi graecorum Boiss., it is a perennial or subshrub, Stems up to 80cm high, woody at the base in old specimens, glabrous or sparingly hairy, with long creeping stolons, stems erect or ascending, much branched, twigs spiny at their tips. Leaves, alternate, entire, oblong-elliptic or obovate, sessile or short-petioled. Flowers axillary or on spiny twigs, short-pedicelled. Calyx 3-4mm long, with short teeth. Corolla pink (dark), violet, 10-12mm long, ovary silky-hairy. Fruits indehiscent pod, 1-3.5cm long, 3-8-seeded cylindrical, brownish, smooth. Life Form: H,   Flowering in: Apr-Aug,   Vern: Agol ,   Phytochoria: MED+IT, The native range of this species is SE. Greece to Arabian Peninsula and N. Africa.    Notes: Wild in Libya, medicinal plant

For more information:,,,,,,,  


Distribution in Libya
Zliten-Misurata Plain Sirte Plains Benghazi Plain
Misurata 2008 Sirte 2015, 2016 Ajdabia (Al-Jaledia)2017   Wadi El-Enaghar 2021
Al-Qibla area Al-Jufra area Al- Jaghboub area
Wadis South of Mizda 2013 EL-Jufra 2018 Oasi di Gearbub 1926
Fezzan area Ghat area
Wadi Al AjaL 1975  Wadi Al-Hayat 2009   Murzuq region 2023


Ghal, Barka 1976  Ghat (Between Acacus and Tassili Mountains) 2004 Wadi Tanezzuft 2012


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (1980) Flora of Libya, Fabaceae Vol.  (86) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses, Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Sharashy, O.S. (2023) Methods of breaking seed physical dormancy and germination in native species of Alhagi graecorum Boiss (Al-Agool ) Sebha University Journal of Pure & Applied Sciences  VOL.22 NO. 1 2023 DOI: 10.51984/JOPAS.V22I1.2318. , Breaking seed physical dormancy of  Alhagi graecorum Boiss 2023
Omar, N., El-Mghrbi, N.G., Rahil, R.O., Alaib, M.A., Alzerbi, A.K. (2021) Floristic Composition and Plant Diversity of Western Part of Wadi El- Enaghar, Libya. Species-22(70), 2021. pp. (204-217)., Wadi El- Enaghar, Libya 2021
EL-Barasi,Y.M., Bader, B.M., Barrani. M.W., EL-Hashani, N.M. and Alamrouni, A.O. (2018) Ecological studies on EL-Jufra Desert Depression., Ecological studies On EL-Jufra 2018
Bou-Gharsa, Saleh, A. & Al Sheikhi, S. K. (2017) A study on the diversity of vegetation covers in El-Beidan and El-Glidaya protected areas in Ajdabiya. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering JESE, VOL. 1. (In Arabic) الغطاء النباتي بمحميتي البيضان و الجليدايه بمدينة اجدابيا 2017
Elsayed, N. (2016) Relationship between Vegetation and Soil Seed Bank at Protected Versus Unprotected Sites at Coastal Habitats in Libya.CATRINA (2016), 15 (1): 59-68. , Surt region in Libya 2016
Elsayed M. A. N. (2015) Floristic Composition of the Plant Cover at Surt Region in Libya. Catrina (2015), 12 (1): 63-71-2010 By the Egyptian society for environmental SCIENCES. Plant Cover at Surt Region 2015
Mohamed, F.J. (2013) A Taxonomic Study of Wadis Flora South of Mizda at the intersections with Mizda-Sebha Highway. Master Thesis. Department of Botany-Faculty of Science-Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)  
Mukassabi, T.A, Ahmidat, G., Sherif, I.M., EL Mogasapi, A.(2012) Checklist and life forms of plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya. Biological Diversity and Conservation – 5 / 3 (2012), plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya 2012
El-Bana, M. I. & Al-Mathnani, M. A. (2009) Vegetation-soil relationships in the Wadi Al-Hayat Area of the Libyan Sahara. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(2): 740-747, 2009 ISSN 1991-8178., Vegetation in Wadi Al-Hayat 2009
Baayo, Kh. A. (2008): Floristic composition and Phytochorological Analysis of Misratah area, Libya, Assiut Univ.J. of Botany 37(2), P-P. 33-78 (2008)  
Ahmidat, Gh. (2004) Study of the vegetation cover of the area between the Acacus Mountains and the Tassili Mountains (Ghat). Master Thesis. Department of Botany.College of Science. Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)