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Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch / Infraspecific: Alkanna tinctoria ssp. tripolitana (Bornm.) Qaiser , Life Form: Ch  ,   Flowering in: Des-Mar ,   Vern: Hennat el agarb ,   Phytochoria: MED  , The native range of this species is Medit. to S. Central Europe. , Notes: Wild in Libya. common on sands along the coast  medicinal plant

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Distribution in Libya
Al-Jafarah Plain Zliten-Misurata Plain Benghazi Plain
(12 km) W. of  Tripoli,(20,23 km) E. of Tripoli, Tripoli, Sidi Mesri 1967  Tripoli 1970,1975,1976  (15 km) from Ben-Ghasher 1976  (40 km) E. of Tripoli 1977   Jafara Plain (Wadi Ghado) 2015 El-Zawia 2015 Sabratha region 2020 Researches Station of Agriculture Faculty, University of Tripoli 2021 Misurata 2006,2008 Ajdabia (Al-Bedan) 2016 Ajdabia (Al-Bedan) 2017
Jabal Nafusa Al-Jabal Al-Akhder Marmarica Plateau
Gebel Nafousa 1971 Abughilan, Tubbi-Gharian 1972 Al-Awenia 1974 Mugh el Bahar, (2 km) before Kaleba, Kaleba, El-Asaba, Al-Awenia, (7 km) before Zentan 1974 (10 km) before Ghariian 1973,1977 (4 km) from Kussbat, Misallata, Wargha 1978   Msallata (Shaafeen) 2008 Msallata National Park (Shaafeen) 2013 Msallata (Shaafien) 2017 Wadi Kaam 2017 Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020 Gharyan (Sedrores Mountains) 2020 Wadi Kaam (Headwaters) 2022 Wadi El-Kouf 1978 Reported in Marmarica north-eastern part of Libya by Pampanini 1930


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1979) Flora of Libya, Boraginaceae Vol. (68) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Almushghub, F., Ahmed, D., Sharaf El-Din, A., Shaltout, k. (2022) Vegetation analysis of Wadi Kaam at northwest Libya. Journal of Basic and Environmental Sciences, 9 (2022) 20-37.  , , Wadi Kaam 2022
Al-Sghair, F.G. and Mahklouf, M.H. (2021) Vegetation Survey for Vascular Plants of Protected Area of the University of Tripoli-Libya. Species. Vol.22 (69), 2021., Vegetation Survey of the University of Tripoli 2021
Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055., An updated Marmarica Plateau flora 2021
Al-khojah, H.M., Al-Yafour, L.A., Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Floristic Study of Selected Districts in Sabratha region Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7/Issue 4 ISSN: 2348-7313. , Sabratha region Libya 2020
El-Ahmir, S.M., Mahklouf, M.H., Shanta, M.B., Abo-Jaafer, H.A. (2020) Floristic Study of Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan District-Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. Volume 8 / Issue 1. ISSN: 2348-7313., Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan 2020
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313. Journal homepage:, Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya 2020
Bahri, N.M. (2017) Identify, Limit and Determine the Vegetation Types of Wadi Ka’am Areas, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies-Volume (3) -Issue (2) (In Arabic) وادي كعام ومناطق اخري 2017
Bou-Gharsa, Saleh, A. & Al Sheikhi, S. K. (2017) A study on the diversity of vegetation covers in El-Beidan and El-Glidaya protected areas in Ajdabiya. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering JESE, VOL. 1. (In Arabic) الغطاء النباتي بمحميتي البيضان و الجليدايه بمدينة اجدابيا 2017
El-Zerbi, A. K. , Al-Borki, A. S., Al-Aib, M.A.(2016) Study of vegetation in Protected Al-Bedan southeast of Ajdabiya, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies-No. (2) Volume (2) December 2016. ISSN: 2413-5267(In Arabic) الغطاء النباتي بمحمية البيضان 2016
Abu Hadra, M. N. & Harkat, Z. M. (2015) A taxonomic study of the components of vegetation cover and notes on the environmental impact of Wadi Ghado in the Jafara Plain region in Libya. Professor magazine-Issue 8-University of Tripoli.(In Arabic) وادي غدو سهل الجفارة 2015_compressed
Al-Fiqi, Abd al-Salam M., Abul-Qasim, R. (2015) Inventory of the vegetation cover surrounding Al-Zawiya University. The Libyan Journal of Science Volume 18, 2014/2015 .(In Arabic) الغطاء النباتى المحيط بجامعة الزاوية2015
Al-Masalati, N. A. A. (2013) Plant diversity across the altitudes of the Msallata National Park Reserve Mountains. Master Thesis. Botany Department-College of Science-University of Benghazi-Libya. (In Arabic)
Mohammed, S.A.H. (2008) A taxonomic and ecological study of the plants of the Shaafin Reserve in Masalatah. Master Thesis. Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)
Baayo, Kh. A. (2008): Floristic composition and Phytochorological Analysis of Misratah area, Libya, Assiut Univ.J. of Botany 37(2), P-P. 33-78 (2008)
Al-Dana, S. M. M. (2006) Taxonomic study of wild flower plants in some areas of Misrata. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Misurata University (7 October previously) Misurata, Libya. (In Arabic)