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Echiochilon fruticosum Desf., Life Form: Ch  ,   Flowering in: Almost the year,   Vern: Sehizur el bill  ,   Phytochoria: SA , The native range of this species is Syria to N. Africa.   Notes: Wild in Libya. in the per-desert areas in sandy and gravely habitats.

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Distribution in Libya
Al-Jafarah Plain Zliten-Misurata Plain Sirte Plains
Tripoli, (32 km) from Tripoli 1972  Tripoli, Wadi El-Hera 1976  Telil area, (8 km) from Sabrataha 1978  Sabrata 2008 Tripoli 2010 El-Zawia 2015 Researches Station of Agriculture Faculty, University of Tripoli 2021 Leptus Megna 2004 Misurata 2006,2008 (6 km) E. of Sirte 1977
Benghazi Plain Jabal Nafusa Al-Jabal Al-Akhder
Zweitina area (Sandy beach) 2016 Beach sand dunes in Karkurah 2021 Boghilan, Wadi Kabau 1972 (68 km) N. of Tiji, Sharshara 1975 Kabau 1975,1976 (2 km) from Ab-Zaian 1976  Tarhuna (Zurgan) 2018 Msallata-Garaboulli Province 2020 Gharyan (Sedrores Mountains) 2020 Wadi Mahbool 1973
Marmarica Plateau Al-Qibla area Al-Jufra area
Reported in Marmarica north-eastern part of Libya by Pampanini 1930 Wadi Nesma region 2009 Wadis South of Mizda 2013 (130 km) from Hun 1973  Harouge mountain 2012


Bibliographic references:  
First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:  
Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. (1979) Flora of Libya, Boraginaceae Vol. (68) Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.
Second: Researches and PhD theses, master theses , Sorted by Newest: pdf files
Al-Sghair, F.G. and Mahklouf, M.H. (2021) Vegetation Survey for Vascular Plants of Protected Area of the University of Tripoli-Libya. Species. Vol.22 (69), 2021., Vegetation Survey of the University of Tripoli 2021
Alteerah, M.A., El-Barasi, Y.M., Ali Alwerfally, A. (2021) Vegetation cover composition and seed bank study of beach sand dunes in Karkurah coastal area, east of Libya. Sustainability, Agri, Food and Environmental Research. ,  
Saaed, M.W.B., EL-Barasi, Y.M. & Rahil, R.O. (2021) An updated checklist and quantitative analysis of the Marmarica Plateau flora, in the north-eastern part of Libya. Phytotaxa 509 (1): 001-055.,  
El-Ahmir, S.M., Mahklouf, M.H., Shanta, M.B., Abo-Jaafer, H.A. (2020) Floristic Study of Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan District-Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. Volume 8 / Issue 1. ISSN: 2348-7313.,  
Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313. Journal homepage:,  
MahkloufM.H. SherifA.S, BetelmalA. G. (2018) Floristic Study for Tarhuna-Libya. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 2018, 46 (3), 337-364.,  
Daidah AM, Mugassby MF (2016) Study of the vegetation of coastal sand dune in Zwaitina area. Eastern Libya. Proceeding of the Fourth Scientific Conference of Environment and Sustainable Development in the Arid and Semi- Arid Regions (ICESD); 2016 Nov 20–22; Ajdabiya (Libya); p. 857–864 (In Arabic).  
Al-Fiqi, Abd al-Salam M., Abul-Qasim, R. (2015) Inventory of the vegetation cover surrounding Al-Zawiya University. The Libyan Journal of Science Volume 18, 2014/2015 .(In Arabic)  
Mohamed, F.J. (2013) A Taxonomic Study of Wadis Flora South of Mizda at the intersections with Mizda-Sebha Highway. Master Thesis. Department of Botany-Faculty of Science-Sebha University. Libya. (In Arabic)  
El-Barasi, Y.M. & Barrani, M.W. (2012) Factors affecting natural vegetation on EL-Harouge Mountain, Central part of Libyan Desert (Sahara). Bocconea 24: 199-211. 2012. -ISSN 1120-4060.  
Beit Al-Mal, A. G. (2010) Classification of pastoral vegetation in the pasture of the Faculty of Agriculture-Al-Fateh University-Tripoli-Libyan Jamahiriya. Ass. Univ. Bull. Environ. Res. Vol. 13 No. 2, October 2010. (In Arabic)  
Bahri, N.M. (2009) Study of the vegetation covers of Wadi Nesma region, northwest of Libya. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, College of Science, Sebha University, Libya. (In Arabic)  
Baayo, Kh. A. (2008): Floristic composition and Phytochorological Analysis of Misratah area, Libya, Assiut Univ.J. of Botany 37(2), P-P. 33-78 (2008)  
El-Yafour, L. A. (2008) Taxonomic study of the vegetation properties of Sabratha city Master Thesis. Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Al-Zawiya University, Libya. (In Arabic)  
Al-Dana, S. M. M. (2006) Taxonomic study of wild flower plants in some areas of Misrata. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Misurata University (7 October previously) Misurata, Libya. (In Arabic)  
El-Komati, A. F. (2004) Medicinal plants in the Shapiat of Marqab, their distribution, classification and importance. Master Thesis. Biology Department- Faculty of Science-Al-Marqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)